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Vermont Dairy Facts

1. A cow must have a calf every year to continue producing milk.

2. Dairy cows eat 120 pounds of food each day.

3. Cows consume 40 gallons of water each day.

4. Cows have four stomachs.

5. Dairy farmers work from early in the morning until late at night.

6. Female calves are called heifer calves.

7. Cows average about 80 pounds of milk per day.

8. Most cows are milked twice a day at 12hour intervals.

9. Dairy farmers and their families must milk and feed their cows every day of the year.

10. The person who doctors a dairy herd is called a large animal veterinarian.

11. Animal nutritionist help the farmer put a recipe of cow food together that will be healthy for his herd.

12. New calves are fed their mother's milk for the first 4 feedings because it is high in antibodies.

13. The first two days after giving birth, the milk the dairy cow gives is called colostrums.

14. When a dairy cow gives birth, it is called freshening.

15. Two months before a cow gives birth she takes a rest from milking to grow her calf. At this time she is called a dry cow.

16. Dairy farmers must make hay during the summer when it is very hot so the hay will dry.

17. Cows eat corn silage, haylage, dry hay and grain.

18. All cows are born with horn nubs that the veterinarian removes when they are a few months old.

19. Male calves are called bull calves when they are born.

20. A comfortable cow who is very healthy gives milk than a cow who is not comfortable and has a physical stress.

21. Cows spend about 7 hours a day eating.

22. There are five breeds of dairy cows: Holstein, Ayrshire, Jersey, Brown Swiss and Guernsey.

23. The room in the barn where the milk tank and milking equipment is stored is called the milkhouse.

24. Food for the cows, like corn silage and haylage are stored in a silo, a tall round structure.